It is not unusual to hear somebodies knee
joint crack, or someone crack their knuckle joints, or hear their neck joints pop. Maybe when they walk,
their ankle joint cracks, their knee joint grinds or their ankle clicks. There are different reasons why a
persons joints will crack, pop and grind like this. This is a general overview of three common reasons why
joints snap, crack and pop.
All the joints in our bodies have a water balloon like
structure that surrounds them called the joint capsule. The capsule is filled with synovial fluid, which along with
containing nutrients for the joints, lubricates the joint and helps reduce friction. Inside of the synovial fluid
is a variety of gases including nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide. When the joint is stretched beyond its normal
range of movement, the pressure inside the joint capsule changes, this pressure change creates a vacuum effect and
forms a bubble from gases dissolved in the fluid. This change in pressure causes the bubble to collapse, and gas is
quickly released producing the cracking or popping sound within the joint. The gases must build up inside the fluid
again, in order for the joint to make the cracking or popping noise again. This is why your knuckles might crack,
but it takes a little while before they will pop again.
Movement between two bones forming a joint, and the attached
ligaments and tendons of that joint can be another source of the joint cracking, popping or snapping. As the
tendons and ligaments are in motion and their positions continuously changing, in some people the tendon may click
over a bony prominence or outer knee or ankle bone and move a little bit in and out of place. As the tendon moves
from one position to another it may 'snap" back to its alternate position. Sometimes after exercise your ligaments
or tendons may tighten, and as you begin to move the knee, ankle or other joint, it may crack or make a popping
sound due to this reason.
Smooth cartilage surrounds the ends of bones in a normal
healthy joint. If the joint surfaces become rough or damaged, some of the cracking or grinding noise may result
from the friction between the two bone surfaces rubbing on each other. This can also be painful for some people as
the damage becomes worse over time.
Are Cracking Or Popping Joints
Are cracking joints bad for you? Generally speaking there
have not been any conclusive studies saying there are any negative long term effects of cracking your knuckles or
other joints. Over manipulating your joints or the feeling that you constantly need to crack your joints may be
evidence of an underlying mechanical problem or joint stress.
That said if you are starting to experience pain when you
move your joints, and there is snapping, crackling or popping, than you should see a health care professional for a
more in depth examination of your specific problem.
One of the positive benefits of increased joint movement may
occur after a chiropractic adjustment. The response of certain sensory receptors around the joint, called the Golgi
Tendon Organs, sends information back to the brain about joint function and how much tension is on the joint or
muscle. Often times an adjustment helps to "reset" this tension and creates the feeling of looseness or relaxation.
Some other receptors called mechanoreceptors are in discs, tendons, ligaments and muscles of the spinal joints. The
cerebellum primarily functions as a result of input from these mechanoreceptors in the joints and muscle spindles.
When this input is decreased, the cerebellum may function at a lower level resulting in the inability to perform
precise movements, or maybe lose muscle tone, or maintain normal posture. Chiropractic adjustments may help to
restore normal movement and firing of these joint nerve receptors. Proper joint movement and sensory feedback is
very important to the healthy function of the cerebellum and nervous system.
This article is meant as a general overview and for
informational purposes only and should not be used to replace the advice of a qualified professional. It is my goal
goal for the public to better understand their health and general wellbeing. I urge you to consult with a qualified
health care provider for diagnosis and for answers to your individual health questions.